The industrial-age model of instruction (note the emphasis was not on learning) assumes a curriculum with set outcomes, written by a subject-matter expert or by an instructional designer, delivered by a teacher or teacher-surrogate (such as asynchronous eLearning), with criterion testing to confirm attainment of the outcomes, and a defined physical or virtual space for delivery. This set of assumptions gave us the ISD (instructional systems design) approach to education and training. We call education and training “learning and development” now, but it's still all about instruction.
That model …
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